You are concerned about the safety and security of your family. You have thought about firearms and have purchased one. But now comes the hard part: learning the skills that will help keep you alive during a violent criminal attack. And wondering if you have it right. Well, stop wondering. Get the training you need from Defense Training International.

DTI offers a variety of courses designed to help you improve your defensive shooting skills and expand your knowledge about the use of firearms for personal protection. In addition to the courses listed here, DTI can tailor a course to meet your individual needs. If you don’t see what you want below, please contact us about a specialized program. Your personal security is always your responsibility, and yours alone!


  • Upon receiving a Class deposit, Defense Training International sends each student a detailed handout. The handout includes information regarding types of firearms that are recommended and the modifications that are allowed.
  • Also included is a student check-list of items to bring. It is important to us that students are as well prepared as possible so they are able to focus on learning.
  • After signing in, the course begins with a classroom session where students introduce themselves and John S Farnam presents an overview of the course activities. When students move to the range, each firearm is carefully inspected. Instructors will also inspect each student’s accessories. During the next section, students will go through “administrative” gun-handling drills, loading and unloading, as well as charging magazines and speed loaders. Once John is satisfied that students have mastered these tasks, we move on to live-fire.
  • Students begin with drills that allow them to become familiar with a correct grip and stance. As the day continues, students will learn to draw from concealment, reload, and reduce stoppages, all on the move. Training is conducted in a realistic manner, stressing movement, use of cover, verbal challenges, and other important individual tactics.
  • Later in the course, there will be another classroom session concerning levels of influence and the use of lethal force in self-defense. Other classroom subjects include situation awareness, threat/risk evaluation.
  • The second day of the class will include cover and movement, performing under stress, and precision shooting, combined with shoot/no-shoot drills. The low light shooting session is designed to allow students to practice all skills with and without a flashlight.
  • The class ends with the DTI Proficiency Test. A student achieves a passing score when he hits with all shots, does not commit any safety errors, and does not commit any procedural errors. Students qualify at one-hundred percent. Even one miss yields a failed attempt.
  • Students who attend Defense Training International courses find that they are physically exhausted at the end of the two days, but that they have mastered a set of psycho/motor skills and have adopted a personal philosophy that will serve them well in their next lethal encounter.



The DTI Defensive Handgun Course is designed to prepare the responsible, adult gun owner to handle, maintain, safely store, and use their firearm safely, responsibly, correctly, and effectively, so that they are able to successfully handle nearly any personal protection situation.

An increasing number of people are seeking to improve their defensive shooting skills and expand their knowledge about the use of firearms for personal protection.

Here in the United States, many states are currently expanding access to concealed carry permits. DTI classes offer permit holders and those who are considering applying for a permit an opportunity to learn how to properly and safely carry a concealed handgun and to understand the laws regarding the use of lethal force for personal protection.

The course will consist of classroom lecture/demonstration and live-fire exercises on the range.

Classroom instruction includes:

  • Situation Awareness
  • Threat Evaluation
  • The Force Continuum
  • Courtroom Savvy
  • The Physio/Psychological Aspects of Lethal Encounters

Live-fire exercises on the range include:

  • Threat evaluation
  • Risk identification and reduction
  • Lethal threat containment and management
  • Precision shooting
  • Discretionary shooting
  • Low-light shooting (with and without a flashlight)
  • Cover and movement
  • Performing under stress

Tactical training is conducted in a realistic manner, stressing correct use of cover, movement, challenges, and other important individual tactics. In addition, students will practice close and extremely close encounters and weapon control.
This two day course is usually offered on a weekend with a low light shooting session at the end of the first day.

Please consult the Schedule for a location and time which would be best for you.






$675 (online pre-registration), or
$700 (cash or check)



Designed for DTI Defensive Handgun course alumni, this course emphasizes control of the tactical situation. Special circumstances and extensive movement drills are used to challenge the student.

Our Advanced Defensive Handgun Course is intended for graduates of our Basic/Intermediate Defensive Handgun course. Because basics are only covered by a review, beginning students will find themselves in the uncomfortable position of being expected to know things that they do not. To avoid this situation, which is unpleasant for everyone, students which have graduated from other Basic Handgun Programs are encouraged to contact DTI directly to determine if all the prerequisities for this course have been covered.

Subject covered in the Advanced Handgun class include:

  • Review of correct gun-handling, etiquette and range safety
  • Review of legal and moral aspects of defensive shooting
  • Review of handgun ammunition types and capabilities
  • Basic/revue range exercises, administrative and tactical
  • Interview/confrontational stance
  • Draw/presentation
  • Grip
  • Stance
  • Trigger manipulation
  • Speed reload
  • Military reload
  • Stoppage reduction
  • Covering suspects at gunpoint
  • Verbal challenge/judo
  • Reholstering
  • Unfamiliar handguns/systems
  • Options for carrying concealed handguns
  • Close range shooting, shooting from the ground
  • Cover and movement, retreat techniques
  • Team Tactics exercises
  • Moving with a gun in hand
  • Back-up guns
  • Advanced low-light drills, with flashlight, cover, and movement





$675 (online pre-registration), or
$700 (cash or check)



Designed for DTI Defensive Handgun and Advanced Defensive Handgun course alumni, this course covers retention and disarms, close-range shooting, and other topics that are not covered in most other DTI courses.

This one-day Course starts with a brief review of the DTI Range and Safety Procedures.

The bulk of the Course will cover Retention and Disarms, Close-Range Shooting, and other topics that are not covered in most other DTI Courses.

Registration is limited to DTI graduates or those who have completed comparable handgun training. If you are not a DTI graduate, please contact us and tell us about your previous training.



$390 (online pre-registration), or
$400 (cash or check)



This course is designed to prepare the defensive rifleman for the safe handling and use of this specialized weapon.

It has been said that by reducing necessities, we can afford luxuries; such is not the case in shooting. For only by learning the necessities–the fundamentals–can you afford the luxury of excellence. Almost anyone can “fire” a rifle and almost everyone who is capable of pointing their finger at an object can learn to shoot. However it takes determination, reliable equipment and most importantly instruction from a qualified teacher to become a competent rifle shooter.

The emphasis of this course is on defensive rifle handling and shooting skills. Most of this class is on short to medium ranges, rapid target-acquisition, improvised shooting positions, “snapshooting” and more deliberate fire. Defensive situations are always emergencies, so we must also put considerable emphasis on speed. The rifle must be mounted quickly, fired quickly (but accurately!) and the shooter must always automatically prepare to fire again quickly. We will not ignore shooting in excess of one hundred meters completely, but we will concentrate on the shorter ranges. There will be single and multiple targets and students will have an opportunity to practice rational decision making.

Military autoloaders are strongly recommended as most of the class is spent firing at multiple targets. Lever actions are marginally adequate as students with lever actions are often frustrated by the frequency they must reload. However we will not accept bolt guns, rimfire rifles, or slug-shooting shotguns. Slings are mandatory, as we will be running a hot range. High-magnification, high profile, close eye-relief scopes are not recommended. We do recommend military peep, iron sights or low-power, forward mounted scopes. The best rifle is a military autoloader, but as we indicated, some hunting rifles will do. Also plan to bring knee pads and binoculars. Students are advised that their rifles will see some strenuous, rugged use and may get scratched up a bit. Pretty guns are best left at home. You will need 400 rounds of rifle ammunition.

Please consult the Schedule for a location and time which would be best for you.



$675 (online pre-registration), or
$700 (cash or check)



This course is designed to prepare the defensive shotgunner for the safe handling and use of this specialized weapon.

Shotguns not only provide an excellent means of self-defense, they are also used for hunting and recreation. Defense Training International focuses on the basic principles of shotgun shooting for defense use but these same skills equally apply to other sporting uses.

You will learn how to safely load and unload a shotgun and how to safely store it for defense use in the home. Our goal is to teach you how to quickly acquire a target and allow you to respond appropriately. In addition, you will learn how to reduce stoppages.

DTI recommends using a twelve gauge but twenty is also acceptable. Nearly any quality shotgun will do, but we would like you to have a good deal of experience handling a suitable defensive shotgun. John recommends the Remington 870 pump and 1187 autoloader, the Beretta 1201 autoloader and the Benelli Super 90 autoloader, and the Mossburg 590 pump, all in the law enforcement version. Barrel length should not exceed twenty inches. We do not recommend the Winchester pump or autoloader or the Ithaca pump or autoloader. Your shotgun should have a stock, either fixed or folding. Shotguns must have slings, as we will be running a hot range.

You will need 100 rounds of shotgun ammunition. We recommend 00 buckshot in the standard, nine-pellet loading. Federal, Remington, Winchester and other reputable manufacturers produce this load in great abundance, as it is the standard used by most law enforcement departments. Other sizes of buckshot are acceptable, but 00 renders the best performance. We do not recommend any of the magnum shotshell loading, 2 3/4″ or 3″. The magnum loadings are very uncomfortable to shoot and offer little benefit in return. We do not recommend birdshot and other reduced-recoil loadings. You need to practice shooting the real thing!

If you do not have a shotgun and will not be able to acquire or borrow one for the class, let us know.
This one day course is usually offered on a weekend.

Please consult the Schedule for a location and time which would be best for you.



$675 (online pre-registration), or
$700 (cash or check)



Our course is primarily for firearm instructors, home owners/defenders and police officers any of whom may suddenly find themselves in the position of providing initial care and stabilization of a gunshot wound victim.

Our course is based upon Tactical Medicine principles, but while TacMed is designed for military/police tactical entry team members with specialized medical training, our course is for non-medical personnel who may become involved as primary responders to treat and stabilize victims of gunshot wounds. Originally designed primarily for firearm instructors, home owners/defenders and street police officers, we have also given this course to Federal and Local Law Enforcement Emergency Response Teams and as a Train-the-Trainer program for elements of the United States Marine Corps.

This is a shooting course combined with what you need to do immediately afterward to increase the survivability of gunshot wound victims, including yourself. Important topics include the Effects of Bullets on Human Tissue, Where to Shoot and How to Place Bullets with Surgical Precision. Following Threat Elimination, we teach How to Identify the three, major, life-threatening Injuries and How to Control Hemorrhage which is the major cause of preventable death from gunshot wounds. Accessing Emergency Medical Services and Maintaining an Emergency GSW Response Kit is also covered.

We think Tactical Treatment of Gunshot Wounds is an important skill that should be part of every shooter’s armament.

Course curriculum is developed by Doc Gunn aka Anthony M. Barrera, M.D., and instructed by John S. Farnam.



$390 (online pre-registration), or
$400 (cash or check)


This course is designed to prepare armed citizens against the threat of terrorist violence and other active-shooter events.

Current events indicate a steady increase in terror-related attacks against westerners. Violent extremists and other savages are actively targeting LEOs, Military servicemen and women–as well as their families–to be butchered in public. In addition to LE/MIL individuals and families, we see a rise in these types of attacks on virtually any target of opportunity. Even members of their own culture/faith/ideology are martyred for their depraved cause! This trend will likely continue for the foreseeable future.

For that reason, we have seen the need to develop this specialized firearms course with a focus on armed response to these unique dangers in our modern world. Classroom instruction will cover practical options and tactics intended to give individual operators the life-saving mindset and skill sets for prevailing against such attacks.

Live-fire drills will simulate attacks in:

  • Movie theaters
  • Restaurants
  • Shopping malls
  • other active-shooter scenarios

This is a combined rifle and pistol course, with heavy emphasis on pistol.

Our ARTA Program (Armed Response to a Terrorist Attack) is intended for Operators who have had previous training in the serious use of pistols and rifles.  It is not suitable for beginning students of our Art.
In ARTA, we do scenarios, where, for example, the student starts with his pistol, then goes and retrieves his rifle, gets it running, then finishes the drill.  We do a lot of exercises where threats are mixed-in with non-threats.  Long-distance pistols shooting!
Students need to bring at least one pistol and a rifle, spare magazines for each (at least one) along with normal safety equipment and concealment gear.  Rifles must have slings suitable for all-day carry.
Pistol: 300 rnds.  Rifle 400 rnds

Please consult the Schedule for a location and time which would be best for you.



$675 (online pre-registration), or
$700 (cash or check)


Designed specifically for women who want to obtain the necessary knowledge and skills to successfully handle nearly any personal protection situation.

Our female students are often most comfortable in a class limited to women students, and taught by a woman.

This specialized Defensive Handgun Course is designed specifically for women who want to obtain the necessary knowledge and skills to safely keep, carry, and handle guns, and effectively manage any personal protection situation. Our goal is to provide competent information, instruction, and drills that allow students to perform to the best of their ability.

Students will need to bring a suitable defensive pistol or revolver, holster, and 150 rounds of handgun ammunition. Most revolvers and autoloading pistols of reputable manufacture are acceptable. All our work will be from concealment.

Subjects covered include:

  • Safe gun handling, storage, carrying
  • Specifics of concealed carry
  • Clothing and lifestyle adaptations
  • Handgun operation
  • Safely drawing the pistol from a holster, purse, or fanny-pack
  • Routinely carrying defensive handguns concealed
  • Mental alertness
  • Situation awareness
  • Danger avoidance
  • Aggressive disengagement
  • Performing under stress
  • Practical defensive marksmanship
  • Interfacing with the criminal/justice system
  • Maintaining mental health in the wake of a lethal-force incident

Classroom subjects include the latest information on the physio/psychological aspects of lethal encounters, weapon/caliber selection criterion and force continuum.

The primary instructor for this class is Vicki Farnam.  Please consult the Schedule for a location and time which would be best for you.



$675 (online pre-registration), or
$700 (cash or check)*

*NOTE: When held in Elk Mountain, Wyoming, tuition for this course is $1250 because it includes meals and lodging.



Training outline:

  • Shooting from cars, moving and stationary
  • Shooting at cars: metal, glass, tires, motor, gas tank
  • Using cars as cover
  • Car penetration by various bullets and types of firearms; metal, glass, tires, motor, gas tank
  • Using the car itself as a missile against criminal pedestrians and other cars
  • Protecting passengers
  • Hardening vehicles, formal and improvised
  • Defeating vehicular pursuits; slow and fast
  • Defeating attack by armed pedestrians
  • Ramming (also mentioned above)
  • Defeating stationary attack



$675 (online pre-registration), or
$700 (cash or check)

Emphasis on Instructing the Female Officer


This class is designed to provide assistance for instructors who deal with shooters who continually fail to qualify or qualify marginally. It provides instruction for identifying a shooter’s problem and techniques for solving the problem.

The class also provides insights into teaching female shooters in particular as they often fall into the category of struggling shooters.

This class is presented by Vicki Farnam and Diane Nicholl who both have extensive instructing and shooting experience.

Topics include:

  • Identifying and analyzing shooting problems
  • Understanding the relationship between size/strength/handgun operating systems/calibers
  • Dealing with the emotions of the struggling student
  • Using the building block principle of learning
  • The difference between how women and men learn
  • The difference between how women and men learn
  • Motivating students to learn
  • Teaching students how to think
  • Emphasizing safe gunhandling



$675 (online pre-registration), or
$700 (cash or check)



Training outline for two-day, 21-hour, on-site training program

0800-2000 first day
0800-1700 second day

  • Safe gun handling and range safety
  • Military shooting and the issue of deadly force. Self defense/ROIs
  • Gun handling and storage
  • Carrying guns on the person and in the vehicle
  • Preventable Gun Accidents
  • Handgun systems and their applicability to serious shooting
  • Ammunition and ballistics
  • Administrative handling procedures for autoloading handguns
  • Lethal threat and reaction time demonstration
  • Brandishing
  • Static dry-fire, individual coaching
  • Unloading
  • Loading
  • Chamber check
  • User-level maintenance
  • Reholstering
  • Interview stance
  • Draw
  • Grip
  • Stance
  • Trigger manipulation
  • Sights
  • Multiple shots
  • Reloading
  • Stoppage reduction
  • Live-fire precision shooting/timed/draw and fire exercise
  • Retention and Disarms
  • Individual cover and movement exercise
  • Low-light shooting
  • Testing



$675 (online pre-registration), or
$700 (cash or check)



We appreciate the opportunity to share our knowledge and experience in firearms instruction with your department. Please do not hesitate to contact us if you would like further information.



Below, you’ll find a list and description of the primary equipment required for all DTI courses.  Please become acquainted with this list prior to attending any DTI course.


Note:  As the cost and availability of ammunition varies based on the ever-changing economic and political climate, the amount of ammunition required for each class may vary.  Contact DTI with questions about required ammunition.

Each student needs to show up to class with at least one semi-automatic pistol or revolver in an appropriate caliber for our purposes with defensive shooting.

Appropriate calibers include:

  • 9mm NATO (a.k.a. “Parabellum,” “Luger”)
  • .38 Special, .380 AUTO
  • .357 MAG, SIG
  • .40 S&W
  • .45 ACP, GAP

Any calibers smaller than those listed above are not appropriate for use in DTI courses unless special arrangements have been made prior to the course date.

The student’s handgun should be of modern manufacture, and must function as designed to factory specifications. Low-profile, fixed, night sights are preferred.  Adjustable, target sights should be avoided. If possible, your handgun should be test fired and sighted-in with the ammunition you intend to use.

Handguns must be clean and properly lubricated. Sharp edges should be removed (if needed, this should be done by an experienced, competent gunsmith).

Contact DTI for handgun questions and/or recommendations.

Competition guns or related equipment are not recommended.  For our purposes with defensive shooting, all firearms and gear should be practical and concealable/low-profile.  Duty gear may be appropriate for Mil/LE and other security professionals.

Further Recommendations:

  • When you bring a pistol with a manual decocking-lever, either two-stage or single-stage, we’ll show you how to use it.  However, for most serious shooters, self-decocking, autoloading pistols represent the best choice.  Manual decocking levers are virtually obsolete, although they still do have a following, albeit ever-dwindling.
  • Colt/Browning, 1911-style pistols also have a fierce following, but their popularity with new shooters is low.  The 1911 is really an expert’s gun; a self-decocking autoloader is a much better choice for the vast majority of serious shooters.
  • The “Continuous Motion System” (H&K P7M8) autoloading pistol is perfectly functional, but not recommended. These pistols were popular at one time, but are long-since out of production, as incorrect operation of the squeeze-cocker has led to many accidents.  In fact, there has been so many accidents with this pistol, that we no longer recommend it for general use, although it may be a good choice for certain individuals.
  • S&W, Beretta, Springfield Armory, and now even Glock offer “variable grip geometry” on many of their pistols.  This permits the user to make the grip bigger, or smaller, at his option. Changing from one size to another is easily done, at the user-level, and takes less than a minute.  Pistols with this feature are recommended.
  • Use OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) magazines.  Avoid after-market and surplus ones, when possible.
  • When you decide to modify your new handgun, you are particularly cautioned to avoid trendy, novelty, and gimmicky add-on’s, like trigger shoes, after-market grip adapters, buffers, compensators, target grips, sight ribs, grip weights, etc. That kind of rubbish has no place on a serious pistol.

All students attending rifle or shotgun courses are required to bring one rifle/shotgun in an appropriate caliber.


Students attending rifle courses should bring a serviceable rifle chambered in a centerfire caliber (preferably 5.56 NATO or larger, although pistol caliber carbines will suffice in 9mm PARA or larger).  All rifles MUST have iron sites, even if such sights are used as a back-up for “red dot” sights or other optics.


Students attending shotgun courses should bring a serviceable shotgun chambered in 12 gauge or 20 gauge.  The front sight bead on most shotguns should be sufficient, but shotguns with rifle sights or red dot optics may be appropriate as well.


All rifles and shotguns must be equipped with sturdy slings.  Appropriate sling-styles include:

  • 2-point (one end of the sling attaches to the front of the firearm, the other end to the rear)
  • Single-point (both ends attach to a single point on the stock)

Three-point slings are often cumbersome and not recommended.


All rifles must be equipped with fixed “iron sights.”  Mounted optics like “red dots” and other scopes should still be equipped with back-up iron sights (or “BUIs”).  Flip-up style BUIs are fine.

A durable red dot/holographic sight is highly recommended!  The reticle of such a site should “co-witness” with the BUIs.

Magnified scopes may be appropriate, but magnification should be limited to 1.5-3x.  Such scopes should be durable and made for serious purposes.

Quick-release mounts are recommended for all optics, so that the operator might easily jettison the optic in exigent circumstances when the optics become unserviceable, reverting to BUIs.


Although we will take time to assure that each weapon is properly sighted in on the first day of class, it is highly recommended that all Red dots, scopes, and iron sites are sighted in BEFORE coming to class.


All students should bring a hand-held flashlight to class.  Weapon-mounted lights may be appropriate.

It is recommended that all operators carry a flashlight on their person.

Hand-held flashlights should be rugged, durable, and bright!  These days, a flashlight with an LED lamp of 120+ lumens is fairly easy to find.  There’s little reason to carry anything less than that.  Tail-cap activation is recommended.


Weapon lights can be very beneficial.  They should be mounted well forward, and activation should be easily achieved by use of the shooter’s support-side hand, without radical changes to how he/she holds the rifle.

A “constant on” feature is recommended but not required.


Many hand-held and weapon lights come with a “strobe” feature, which isn’t a bad option.  However, operators should understand the limitations of such a feature, and recognize that a quickly strobing, blindingly-bright light is exceptionally disorienting–for ALL parties present!


Each student is expected to provide and manage their own ammunition.

MAGAZINES / SPEED-LOADERS & POUCHES Students must bring a minimum of three reloading devices (magazines or speedloaders) for his/her primary handgun.  Low-profile, belt-mounted magazine pouches/carriers are highly recommended. AMMUNITION Standard, full metal jacket (or “ball”) ammunition is recommended for training.  High performance service ammo need not be used.  The best ammunition is from major, domestic manufacturers. NOTE:  Reloaded/hand loaded ammunition is not recommended, and will not be allowed for use in DTI courses without DTI approval prior to the course date. Foreign ammunition may be acceptable, but much of it is trash.  Steel-case ammunition is not recommended, as it has proven to greatly increase wear and tear on extractors.  The lacquer coating on such ammunition creates a gummy mess inside hot, dirty receivers and may begin to affect normal feeding.  Further, most steel-case ammunition uses bullets with steel jackets (with a copper wash); steel jacketed bullets have been shown to erode the bore, dramatically decreasing the lifetime of the barrel.


A belt mounted holster, either inside or outside waistband design, is generally accepted for all courses.

All handguns must be holstered!

We prefer hip holsters, worn strong-side, appendix-carry, or cross-draw.  Holsters with retention devices are not required.  Mil/LE and other security professionals may wear their duty gear.

Cheap, nylon, “one size fits all” holsters are NOT recommended.

A sturdy belt is highly recommended.  Students should ensure that their holsters and magazine/speed-loader pouches fit their belt!


Several law enforcement agencies, including FLETC, have experienced incidents where students
and field agents/officers using Blackhawk SERPA holsters have had accidental discharges
resulting in personal injury and or property damage.

Many well-trained operators have used this holster for years without incident.  The SERPA holster is a functional holster system, but it has its limitations.


For our purposes with defensive shooting, students are encouraged to wear some type of concealment garment, e.g. vest, jacket, over-shirt.  We believe that individual operators benefit from practicing a low-profile appearance.  With few exceptions, “range gear” and “day-to-day gear” should be one and the same!


Be prepared for changes and extremes in the weather. Long pants and comfortable, sturdy shoes are highly recommended.  Absolutely NO open-toed shoes are allowed.  Students will be on their feet for most of the day.  Gloves for colder weather are highly recommended. During cooler temperatures, some students find that wearing several layers (which can be added or taken off throughout the day) is more convenient and beneficial than an bringing a single, heavy coat.


Coats/jackets with elastic drawstrings have been proven unsafe, when used in conjunction with firearms carry, because of their tendency to catch on nearly everything.  Such drawstrings should be removed before being worn on the range (or, indeed, anywhere!).


High-necked t-shirts/undershirts are highly recommended to be worn under blouses or other tops that expose cleavage.  Most (if not all) firearms used during training courses will eject empty brass cases into the air; those brass cases are extremely hot–hot enough to scald/burn/blister when they come in contact with skin.  Such an unwelcome surprise is not only unnecessarily painful, but dangerous while handling firearms.


No student, instructor, nor observer is allowed on the range without the following safety equipment:

  • Clear and/or tinted shooting/safety glasses. Clear for low-light/night training.  Glasses should fully wrap around the face.  [Plastic side-shields will be provided for students whose glasses do not satisfactorily protect from the sides]
  • Hearing protection. Muff-style and/or ear plugs.  Electronic muff-style hearing protectors are very advantageous.
  • Baseball cap or other hat with visor/brim.   Such a hat prevents hot ejected brass from falling behind the shooter’s glasses and burning the eyes/face.


One or more meals may be provided.  However, depending on the venue and other considerations, students may be required to provide their own meals.

Contact DTI if you have questions about meals during your course.

DTI hosts will typically provide plenty of water, but students are encouraged to bring their own water bottles, backpack-style hydration units, sodas, sports drinks, as needed.  Any time spent on the range requires regular liquid intake. NO ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES!


Among other obvious reasons and uses, we recommend that students bring moistened hand wipes to clean up after handling led-based ammunition prior to eating.

Sun, wind, and bugs can make your life harder than it already is!